By Milan Vego

This specified and complete account describes the interaction of inner and exterior components within the emergence of the Austro-Hungarian army from a coastal defence strength in 1904 to a good conflict strength able to the joint operations with different Triple Alliance fleets within the Mediterranean by way of the eve of worldwide warfare I. through 1914 the Austro-Hungarian army was once the 6th greatest army on the earth and the standard of its officials and males was once commonly recognized by way of such a lot ecu naval observers on the time. The publication describes the relationships among naval leaders, the inheritor to the throne Archduke Francis Ferdinand, and the Parliament in shaping the twin Monarchy's naval coverage. It additionally indicates how the alterations in overseas coverage in Italy and underlying animosities among Rome and Vienna resulted in a naval race within the Adriatic that finally reinforced Germany's naval place in recognize to nice Britain within the North Sea.

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Extra info for Austro-Hungarian Naval Policy, 1904-1914 (Cass Series: Naval Policy and History)

Sample text

By late 1898, the Chief of the Italian General Staff, General Tancredi Saletta, met with his German counterpart, General Alfred von Schlieffen, to discuss the tasks of the Triple Alliance fleets in the event of a war against the Franco-Russian combination (Dual Alliance). 26 Further talks concerning a naval convention among the Triple Alliance partners were held in late 1899, but no progress was recorded. The turning point came following the dispatch of a note from General Saletta to the Chief of the Austro-Hungarian General Staff, General Friedrich von Beck, on 6 June 1900.

Both parts were de facto separate and equal states with their own legislative, judicial, administrative, and financial branches and locally-raised armed forces. The highest legislative bodies in Austria and Hungary were the Reichsrat and Parliament, respectively. Austria and Hungary were both united in the person of the Emperor. The political union between the two states was theoretically permanent. It depended upon two parallel arrangements between the Crown and the Magyar nation as represented by the Hungarian Parliament, and the unilateral constitutional statute promulgated by imperial authority in Austria and the Reichsrat.

The absence of rivers along the Dual Monarchy’s littoral tended to emphasize the physical isolation of the coast from the country’s interior. Transportation The littoral area lacked a well-developed railway network. By 1913 only about 550 miles of railroad track existed in the Dual Monarchy’s littoral area, or a mere two per cent of her total railroad system. The first railroad link (Suedbahn) between Austria’s most important port, Trieste, and Vienna was opened in 1857. Not until 1909 was a two-track railway (Tauernbahn) completed, linking Salzburg and Trieste via Villach.

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