By Howard Thomas Foster II, Mary Theresa Bonhage-Freund, Lisa D. O'Steen
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Additional info for Archaeology of the Lower Muskogee Creek Indians, 1715-1836
European demand for the skins of deer created a market in the southeastern United States during the eighteenth century. That market, it is argued, drastically altered the society, economy, and environment of the Creek Indians (Braund 1993; Foster and Cohen 2005). Along with those changes, the use of deer and deer products probably changed, and these changes are visible in the archaeological record as will be seen in Chapter 7. There is evidence that deer hunting changed throughout the eighteenth century.
Documented changes in the faunal assemblage of archaeological deposits have been documented at Upper Creek sites (Pavao-Zuckerman 2000) and will be discussed in detail in Chapter 7. 22 / Foster SETTLEMENT A Creek town, or talwa, was the normal political unit for the majority of Creek Indians during the eighteenth to early nineteenth centuries (Harper 1998:313– 314; Piker 2003, 2004:6–8, 29). Therefore, the town and its identi¤cation are signi¤cant to the political history of the Maskókî people.
The name of the Upper Creek town of Tallo-wau mu-chos-see means “new town” but was formerly called Took-au-batchee tal-lau-has-see (Tukabatchee Old Town) and implies that this “new town” was the former location of Tukabatchee. Recent studies by Douglas Hurt (2000), Karen Booker et al. (1992), and Patricia Wickman (1999:57, 74–78, 158) may begin to address these issues of naming conventions. Last, most researchers are not really interested in the location of places with the same name. They are interested in the people who lived at that location.