By Andrea Cucina

Archaeological facts - i.e. presence of exogenous, overseas fabric gadgets (pottery, obsidian etc) - is used to make inferences on historical alternate, whereas inhabitants stream can basically be assessed while the organic section of an historical group is analyzed (i.e. the human skeletal remains). however the alternate of products or the presence of overseas architectural styles doesn't inevitably suggest genetic admixture among teams, whereas whilst people can migrate for purposes that won't be comparable merely to buying and selling. The Prehispanic Maya have been a posh, hugely stratified society. throughout the vintage interval, city-states ruled over huge areas, developing complicated ties of alliance and trade with the region’s minor facilities and their allies, opposed to different city-states inside and outdoors the Maya realm. the autumn of the political approach in the course of the vintage interval (the Maya cave in) ended in hypothetical invasions of best teams from the Gulf of Mexico into the northern Maya lowland on the onset of the Postclassic. besides the fact that, it's nonetheless doubtful no matter if this cave in used to be already underway while this flow of individuals all started. the total photograph of inhabitants dynamics in Maya Prehispanic occasions, through the vintage and the Postclassic, can slowly emerge in basic terms while everything of the puzzle are prepare in a holistic and multidisciplinary type.

The contributions of this quantity collect contributions from archaeology, archaeometry, paleodemography and bioarchaeology. they supply an preliminary account of the dynamic traits in the back of large–scale historical inhabitants dynamics, and even as signify novel multidisciplinary issues of departure in the direction of an built-in reconstruction and figuring out of Prehispanic inhabitants dynamics within the Maya zone.

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Memoirs of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Vol. 18. Cambridge: Harvard University. Gill, R. B. (2000). The great Maya droughts: Water, life and death. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. Hermes Cifuentes, B. (2002). Síntesis preliminar de la ocupación prehispánica en el área central de Nakúm. Beiträge Zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Archäologie, 22, 277–285. , & Contreras, A. (2002). Investigación arqueológica y trabajos de conservación realizados por el Proyecto Triángulo en el sitio de Poza Maya.

Hermes Cifuentes, B. (2002). Síntesis preliminar de la ocupación prehispánica en el área central de Nakúm. Beiträge Zur Allgemeinen und Vergleichenden Archäologie, 22, 277–285. , & Contreras, A. (2002). Investigación arqueológica y trabajos de conservación realizados por el Proyecto Triángulo en el sitio de Poza Maya. XV Simposio de Investigaciones Arqueológicas en Guatemala (Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 271–311). Guatemala: Instituto de Antropología e Historia de Guatemala. , & Martínez, G. (2005). El Clásico Terminal en el área de la Laguna Yaxha, Petén.

4 Calakmul: Power, Perseverance, and Persistence 41 Fig. 3 Model based on modern discharge of the Candelaria River projects of equitable precipitation during the Preclassic (700–100 BC) and Classic periods (AD 300–700). This model is not temporally resolved enough to detect the AD 536 drought (adapted from Gunn et al. 1995) Fig. 4 Satellite image of the Karstic/Calakmul Mesoplane, showing the location of Calakmul and El Mirador Besides representing a city-state, Oxpemul also forms part of a buffer zone between Chenes states such as Becan in the north and the Calakmul regional state (Adams and Jones 1981; Peña Castillo 1986).

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