By Joe Flatman

Archaeology is extra renowned than ever. television and movie have made it appear available and interesting, and the variety of budding amateurs is at the upward push, as is govt aid for archaeological projects on a world scale. From cash and combs to battlefields and plantations, archaeologist Joe Flatman offers an incisive advent to the perform of archaeology. via comparative case experiences he demonstrates how the archaeological frame of mind finds unforeseen truths in regards to the most up-to-date phenomena. without notice a landfill web site can reveal extra approximately our consuming conduct than we might prefer to admit, and airports develop into websites as exciting and intricate because the cities and villages they have been outfitted over. Flatman additionally trains his eye at the destiny and divulges how archaeology can assist us expect — or even hinder — the crises which are dealing with us at the present time.

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Engelhardt 1912, 560–562). , Webb 1952, 120, Geiger 1963, 24). 4). José Cardero was a Spanish draftsman who participated in a five-year voyage of scientific inquiry (June 1789 through September 1794) that circled the globe to the far reaches of Spain’s colonial empire. The crew, which was led by Captain Alejandro Malaspina, included naturalists, hydrog­raphers, ethnographers, and artist-illustrators. In addition to visiting ports the length of South America and Mesoamerica, the navigator in Malaspina’s two ships, the Descubierta and the Atrevida, made a stop at Monterey in Alta California, then traveled as far north as Nootka on A Global Perspective 7 the west coast of Vancouver Island.

From the perspective of Europe, the colonies existed primarily to produce commodities for European consumers, to facilitate their transport, or to defend the sources of the commodities (Steffen 1980, xii–xviii). , Skowronek 1989, 2002, 2009) situates the Spanish colonial world in an economy that was inherently hierarchical, with elite consumers at one end, producers at the other, and various sorts of middlemen between. Not all colonies or colonial areas occupied the same level in the hierarchy; that is, although all colonies might be part of the “periphery,” there was hierarchy within the periphery.

Mission San Diego curator Janet Bartel and Jack Williams provided samples from Mission San Diego and Mission San Luis del Rey. Last, we gratefully acknowledge the support of the Santa Clara University Archaeology Research Lab (SCUARL) and Ms. Linda Hylkema for this research from its inception through 2009. Materials analyzed from Mission Santa Clara de Asís were from the excavations conducted by David Huelsbeck in the 1980s and some materials from work conducted by the SCUARL from 1994 through 2009, when Skowronek’s tenure as campus archaeologist ended.

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