By E. B. Banning (auth.)

This textual content experiences the speculation, strategies, and simple equipment keen on archaeological research. Its goal is to familiarize either scholars and pros with the rules that underlie many types of archaeological research, to inspire sound laboratory perform, and to illustrate a few of the universal theoretical matters that other kinds on analyses all percentage. Banning opens with a dialogue of the character and presentation of – and the blunders in - facts and in short stories archaeological systematics, database and examine layout, sampling and quantification, modeling info, and simple artifact dealing with and conservation. Chapters on lithics, pottery, faunal, botanical , and soil is still persist with and chapters on seriation, reading dates, and archaeological representation shut out the book.

Intended as a textual content for college kids in upper-division-undergraduate and graduate-level classes in addition to a handbook for pro researchers and cultural source administration practitioners, the booklet is amply illustrated and references and incorporates a thesaurus of keyword phrases. advised laboratory routines can be found at the author’s collage web site:

http://homes.chass.utoronto.ca/~banning/ARH%20312/312labs.htm

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However, identifying and protecting rare and significant sites is also typically in their mandate, making prospection quite useful. Furthermore, there is no reason why cultural resource managers should not also show interest in the relationships among sites, one kind of spatial structure, or how "non-site" materials are distributed. Assessing the significance of archaeological entities and using predictive models are issues to which we will return in chapter 8. " The common answer to the question of how to find archaeological sites is to use a statistical sample.

This leads-us to the issue of cost. Surveys always have costs, even when they are run with volunteers, and some can be very costly indeed. Especially when there is so much competition for funds and time, it often pays to minimize these costs as long as the survey can accomplish its goals and does not compromise the archaeological evidence. Research design usually involves a trade-offbetween the competing demands ofachieving results, ensuring reliability, and keeping cost under control. Once a survey plan is complete, it is necessary to estimate its costs and adjust the plan if its cost is excessive.

1973:231). Other kinds of features are likely to have been used as routes for travelling between regions, as places to ambush game, or as fields for particular kinds of crop. Consequently, it is possible for us to model the landscape as sets of topographic or geographical units, each with different probability of having been used for particular kinds of settlement, resource extraction, defence, communication, or even symbolic meaning. As we will see in later chapters, we can then either sample these features as members of a sampling population or survey them in a way that allows us to test particular hypotheses about their past use.

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