By Simon Hug
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Extra info for Altering Party Systems: Strategic Behavior and the Emergence of New Political Parties in Western Democracies
We want the revolution of the honest workers against the domestic and foreign exploitation. (cited in FranzWilling 1962, 82, my translation) When Hitler decided to join this group, he quickly acceded to an important position, becoming responsible for the propaganda. He emphatically insisted on calling the movement a party, if only for its publicizing effect. Here, he entered into conflict with one of the founding fathers, namely Harrer, as Franz-Willing (1962,68) notes. This shows quite clearly the ambiguity, even inside this movement, of what its precise status was.
Jamison, Eyerman, Cramer, and Laessoe 1990, 137t) Apparently, after initial pressure from traditional environmental organizations and the subsequent demands of newer movements, parties, first of the left, then also of the right, adopted positions on ecological problems. Compared to other countries, these reactions were much quicker and profound. Van Praag (1991) relates this to the openness of the Dutch political system. Also, concerning other movements and their demands, there appears to have always been at least one political party ready to listen.
36 Altering Party Systems favor of the emergence of a new party. But only in one case (the NSDAP) did a new party appear rapidly. In the third tale, the electoral rules worked against new competitors. Despite these adverse conditions, the new challenger scored some surprising initial successes, only to fade and finally merge with an existing party. Despite the many differences among the three tales, there exists a common thread. The formation of a new party, or its failure to form, appears to follow a similar process, which I attempted to highlight in this chapter.