By Lawrence L. Kazmerski (auth.), Karl W. Böer (eds.)

Advances in solar power is again on time table. quantity III encompasses a variety of fascinating studies of the several fields in solar power conversion. We savor the numerous encouraging reviews obtained after the second one quantity seemed and feature integrated a few of the advised alterations. even if lots of the reports are invited via our editors, we're continually open to recommendation approximately topics of value which are prepared for a com­ prehensive and important evaluate and feature now not been lately coated, or approximately capability authors. i need to take this chance to thank Professor John A. Duffie for his worthwhile assist in beginning the Advances in solar power sequence. even if he has lately taken complete accountability as editor-in-chief for the solar power magazine, his persevered information as a member of the Board of Editors is drastically favored. The diligent paintings of the numerous lively editors is gratefully said and constitutes the root for a priceless overview periodical with impressive contributions. The typesetting was once performed by way of Sandra Pruitt within the Delaware place of work, utilizing the TEX-program with laser print-out. Her association and endurance in coordinating with the authors, and her technical ability and diligence in getting ready the submitted replica accepted the well timed and top quality meeting of this construction. we want to commend her for efforts way past the decision of responsibility. The accommodating aid from Plenum Press and its creation employees merits our thankful acknowledgement.

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Example, the Mg spectrum contains at least four higher energy peaks, with about 10 - 50 times less intensity than the major Ka peak, but within 25 eV of the major excitation. • Ghost Peaks. It is possible that another element rather than the expected source material may inadvertently give rise to unwanted X-radiation. , the anode base, or even rarely from within the sample itself). This radiation causes minor lines, called ghost lines, under unusual conditions. Ghost lines are rare, and do not usually cause difficulties .

Thus, very high or ultrahigh vacuum is usually required for SIMS investigations to avoid complications from these experimental artifacts. The second area of concern is that of the detection systems employed for the analysis. Detection sensitivity to low level species and mass separation is a function of the instrumentation. The quadrupole mass analyzer offers a simple and inexpensive approach in this area, which may be the most practical for a particular set of applications. However, it lacks the ability to separate iso-mass peaks and to obtain ultimate sensitivity to trace elements that the magnetic sector analyzer has.

I 0- 10' ft! " W . ~ c .. li 10 '" W 8 C 6 g 4 :: 20 D- o u 2 iii c . 7: The dependence of the escape depth of Auger electrons on electron energy. (a) Experimental data compared with the calculation (solid line) of Seah and Dench (ref. 87); (b) The functional Eo. 75 dependence for the high energy regime (from ref. 109). 16 CHAPTER 1 bulk sample, since the Auger electrons are influenced significantly by the surface of the material which is much different electronically and chemically in most cases than the bulk.

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