By Richard S. Katz

Political events and elections are the mainsprings of contemporary democracy. during this vintage quantity, Richard S. Katz explores the matter of ways a given electoral method impacts the position of political events and how during which social gathering individuals are elected. He develops and exams a conception of the diversities within the harmony, ideological habit, and factor orientation of Western parliamentary events at the foundation of the electoral platforms less than which they compete. a regular within the box of political idea and proposal, The concept of events and the Electoral System contributes to a greater knowing of parliamentary celebration buildings and demonstrates the extensive application of the rationalistic process for explaining habit derived from the self-interest of political actors.

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Extra resources for A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems

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1 The fourteen countries considered here are the modern Western democracies that fell into this sample. 2 One of the problems confronting anyone attempting cross-cultural analysis of political parties is the lack of comparable data. While the professional and journalistic literature describing many parties is enormous, and there is a wealth of information available in official party publications, this material is often in a variety of languages. Furthermore, each work is likely to be based on a separate framework not easily translated to any standardized form usable in a systematic comparative analysis.

40 Full investigation of many predictions requires more detailed information than is available in the ICPP data, or indeed than reasonably could be obtained for such a large number of parties* To test these, six parties, two from each of three European countries, were studied intensively. These parties are the Labour and Conservative parties in Great Britain, Fianna Fail and Fine Gael in the Republic of Ireland, and the Democrazia Cristiana and Partito Socialista Italiano in Italy, In addition to the information gathered from an extensive reading of the literature on these countries, data were gathered from interviews with a sample of deputies, defeated candidates, and local officials of each party.

On the other hand, the difference is very great between more loosely deductive theory, in which arguments are based on explicitly stated assumptions and conclusions are derived from them, and inductive theory, in which conclusions are generalizations from oberservation. The theory developed in this book is intended to be of the deductive type. As is the case with other work in this field, purists may find some of the deductions less than pristine in form. Clearly the reasonableness and persuasiveness of the assumptions and arguments must be judged by the reader.

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