By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Ocean Studies Board, Committee to Review the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean Science and Technology's Research Priorities Plan

Ocean study bargains numerous advantages, from bettering fisheries administration to getting to know new medications to permitting early detection of tsunamis and hurricanes. on the request of the Joint Subcommittee on Ocean technological know-how and know-how (JSOST), the nationwide learn Council convened a committee to check the draft and ultimate types of the sea learn Priorities Plan and Implementation process defined in "Charting the path for Ocean technological know-how within the usa: learn Priorities for the subsequent Decade", which represents the 1st coordinated nationwide ocean examine making plans attempt regarding all federal corporations that aid ocean science.The plan provides an bold imaginative and prescient for ocean study that may be of serious profit to the sea sciences group and the state. This publication includes either units of findings (i.e., the committee's overview of the JSOST's draft plan ["A evaluation of the Draft Ocean study Priorities Plan: Charting the path for Ocean technological know-how within the United States"] and the overview of the ultimate plan). This e-book recommends that JSOST hire various outreach mechanisms to proceed to have interaction nonfederal companions in ocean learn making plans efforts, reminiscent of constructing exterior committees to supply clinical and technical suggestion and to check growth on implementation of the examine plan.

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Understand interspecies and habitat-species relationships as a basis for forecasting resource stability and sustainability. 3. Understand human use patterns that may influence resource stability and sustainability. 4. Apply advanced technologies to enhance the benefits of various natural resources from the open ocean, coasts, and Great Lakes. , recreation, tourism, preservation of culture). While this makes sense from the viewpoint of categorizing human dependence on the ocean, it suffers as a logical organizing principle for research priorities.

The priorities do not convey the degree of difficulty or challenge in achieving them, making it difficult to realistically address the feasibility of and time frame for their likely success (Task 3b). , will the proposed research enable significant advances in insight and application, even with potentially high risk for its success; would success provide dramatic benefits for the nation)? Does the proposed research impact many societal theme areas? Does the research address high-priority needs of resource managers?

For example, the draft plan does not mention the changing conceptual frameworks and paradigms that concern the theory of resource exploitation of living resources. On the natural science side of the ledger, problems such as loss of biodiversity, fishing down food webs, shifting baselines, metapopulation dynamics and connectivity across populations and ecosystems, genetic alterations of populations and communities, and the failure of depleted populations to rebound are not discussed in this theme.

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